Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

REVENUE RECOGNITION

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REVENUE RECOGNITION
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2020
Revenue from Contract with Customer [Abstract]  
REVENUE RECOGNITION
REVENUE RECOGNITION
We record contract assets and contract liabilities in connection with revenue recognized for filter design projects.
Contract Assets - Contract assets, other than accounts receivable, consist of unbilled revenue and generally arise when revenue is recognized on a contract whose transaction price includes an estimate of variable consideration from milestone payments. We do not have material amounts of contract assets as we have relatively few contracts, only modest design service fees and a small number of contracts containing milestone payments. Contract asset balances are included in prepaid expenses and other current assets in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Contract Liabilities - Our contract liabilities consist of customer deposits and deferred revenue. We classify contract liabilities as current or noncurrent based on the timing of when we expect to recognize revenue. Generally, our contract liabilities are expected to be recognized in one year or less. Customer deposits and deferred revenue are separately stated in our condensed consolidated balance sheets.
Summary of changes in contract assets and liabilities for the three months ended March 31, 2020 and 2019:
 
Three Months Ended March 31,
 
2020
 
2019
Contract assets
 
 
 
Contract assets, beginning
$

 
$
36,000

Contract assets at beginning of year transferred to accounts receivable

 

Contract assets recorded on contracts during the period

 
13,000

Contract assets, ending
$

 
$
49,000

 
 
 
 
Contract liabilities
 
 
 
Contract liabilities, beginning
$
1,731,000

 
$
271,000

Recognition of revenue included in beginning of year contract liabilities
(537,000
)
 
(112,000
)
Contract liabilities, net of revenue recognized on contracts during the period
275,000

 
45,000

Foreign currently translation
$

 
$

Contract liabilities, ending
$
1,469,000

 
$
204,000



Effective September 30, 2019 we entered into a collaboration and license agreement with Murata Manufacturing Co., Ltd. Pursuant to the collaboration agreement, we have agreed with Murata to collaborate on the development of proprietary circuit designs using our XBAR® technology, and we licensed to Murata rights for products in four specific radio frequencies, or bands. Murata has agreed to pay us up to an aggregate of $9.0 million as pre-paid royalties and other fees for the licensed designs and certain other intellectual property developed in the collaboration, payable in installments over a multi-year development period, with each installment conditional upon our achievement of certain milestones and deliverables acceptable to Murata in its discretion. Murata may terminate the collaboration agreement at any time upon thirty (30) days prior written notice to us.
Murata’s rights to our XBAR® technology are exclusive for a period of 30 months, through March 2022, during which period we may not grant to any third party the right to develop, make, have made, use, sell, offer for sale or import any filter or resonator produced through the use of the XBAR® technology for use in mobile communication devices.
Under the collaboration agreement, the first of payment of $2.0 million was collected in October 2019.
In accordance with the guidance of ASC 606, we are required to evaluate the variable consideration within the contract, primarily the milestone payments, and assess the likelihood of achievement in determining our transaction price. Additionally, we must assess whether the variable consideration is constrained and whether recording such variable revenue may result in a significant reversal of revenue due to uncertainties. We continue to evaluate variable consideration for inclusion in the transaction price, and ultimately the revenue recognized, at each reporting period. We recognize revenue for the Murata contract over the estimated design development period, based on the level of effort expended over total expected costs, as the services are performed. For the periods ended March 31, 2020 and December 31, 2019, we have determined that the milestone payments due upon achievement of certain performance criteria are constrained and are thus not included in the transaction price. Therefore, revenue related to those milestone payments has not been recognized. Revenue recognition related to each milestone payment will commence once the constraint is lifted.